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The Race to the Moon

via Wikipedia - Timeline_of_the_Space_Race | accessed 10 Nov 2020

This is a timeline of first achievements in spaceflight from the first intercontinental ballistic missile through the first multinational human-crewed mission—spanning the era of the Space Race.

On July 31, 1956, the United States announced its intention to launch an artificial satellite during the International Geophysical Year (July 1, 1957 to December 31, 1958). Two days later the Soviet Union announced its intention to do the same. The Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957, beating the United States and stunning people all over the world.

October 4, 1957

First artificial satellite: Sputnik 1

March 17, 1958

First solar-powered satellite: Vanguard 1-NRL

February 17, 1959

First weather satellite: Vanguard 2

October 7, 1959

First photos of far side of the Moon: Luna 3

April 12, 1961

First human spaceflight (Yuri Gagarin): Vostok 1

July 10, 1962

First active communications satellite: Telstar-AT&T

June 16, 1963

First woman in space (Valentina Tereshkova): Vostok 6

December 5, 1963

First satellite navigation system: NAVSAT-USN

February 3, 1966

First soft landing on another celestial body (Moon) | First photos from another celestial body: Luna 9

July 20, 1969

First humans on the Moon: Apollo 11-NASA